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Japan is subject to frequent earthquakes.
Particulaly,Kochi City was suffered by big earthquake called "The Nankai Earthquake" every 100 years.
Scholars say that this histrical big earthquake is expected to strike before 2050.
 *About  detail of "The Nankai Earthquake",please check below.
   (This website is edited by Kochi Prefecture.)
Please check following tips to protect yourself and your family,neiborfood. 

Preparation for Big earthquake

-Prepare items needed in an emergency
  Always have the following items on hand : valuables, drinking water, food rations, heating fuel,
  first aid supplies, radio and flashlight.
-Take measures to prevent furniture from falling over
Fasten furniture securely so that it will not fall over, and make sure that objects will not fall from the top of the furniture.
-Prevent fires
  Close gas valves for even the slightest of earthquakes
  Install a fire extinguisher and learn how to use it. 
  Fasten propane gas bottles so that they will not fall over(if you can)
-Discuss fire prevention in the home
Decide on everybody's function during fires.
  If members get separated decide in advance how to make contact and where to meet.
  Check the location of your refuge area and safe roads.

When an Earthquake Occurs:

-Protect yourself 
  Large earthquakes last for about 1 minute, so take cover under a strong table
  and watch out for broken glass and flying debris.
-Turn off fires quickly 
  Turn off gas stove and heaters which are in use.
-Confirm emergency escape exits
Open front doors and room doors of apartments.
-Do not run outside in the confusion
There is danger of flying glass, tiles and signboards. If you are in a upper story of a building,
  observe the situation before taking action.
-Extinguish fires still in the early stages with the help of neighbors-Do not go near narrow roads, walls, fences, cliffs or rivers-Be careful of landslides and tidal waves-Help neighbors
Assist in taking care of the injured.
-Escape on foot with a minimum of luggage
Never use a car to escape. Carry a minimum of luggage such as emergency food rations,
  drinking water, first aid supplies, valuables etc. Wear practical clothes and durable footwear.
-Make sure to obtain correct information
Do not be afraid of aftershocks. Calmly obey TV and radio broadcasts and announcements
  by the municipal authorities, fire and police stations.

When to Take Refuge

- your house has collapsed or has been destroyed
- your neighbor's house is on fire and there is fear of the flames spreading
- there is fear of tidal waves or flooding
- there is neighborhood consensus
- the municipal authorities, fire department or police advise you to.

Note: If you think the situation is dangerous quickly take refuge in a large park or similar safe place.
(It is a good precaution to check beforehand the location of the designated evacuation area for where you live.)

Where to Take Refuge

- Temporarily in a park or similar place with a big open space (short term)
- Depending on the extent of damage to your house, in a primary school 
  which is designated by the government as an evacuation area for where you live (longer term)

In Japanease